Civil Engineering: Subjects, Courses, Syllabus, Scope, Fees, Eligibility

A developed nation has the best infrastructure. To plan, design, and build the infrastructure we need Civil engineers. Civil engineering thus becomes a parameter of progress. Because of civil engineering and civil engineers, India has an excellent infrastructure. India is shining and developing. Civil engineering helps students understand the concept of development and infrastructure. When civil engineering meets technology, progress is commendable. Due to the modernisation in infrastructure. Civil engineering and civil engineers are in great demand.

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A snapshot about civil engineering

Civil engineering is a 4-year full-time degree course. Since it has always been in demand, so, there are 2 formats, either of them is good. The 2 civil engineering graduate programs are B. E (Civil) and B. Tech (Civil). Since both the civil engineering programs are useful, we will delve deep into them. Civil engineering imparts knowledge of geography, materials, and structures. Understanding of maths and physics is essential. Civil engineers have a rewarding career after completion of a civil engineering course.

Civil engineering eligibility

Since both B.E and B.Tech have the same eligibility criteria, so given below are the details

  • Students have to clear the 12th standard exams. With at least of 60 percent from a recognised university.
  • Candidates applying for courses have to study Physics, Chemistry, and Maths at 10 + 2 level. 
  • Aspirants have to clear the entrance test. 
  • Candidates who have cleared their diploma courses in other branches can also apply.  Apply as soon as they clear their exams.
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Civil Engineering Syllabus

Both the civil engineering programs are spread over 4 years. Each year comprises of 2 semesters. So, a total of 8 semesters in each program. 

The syllabus for BE Civil Engineering 

Semester ISemester II
Engineering Mathematics-IEngineering Mathematics-II
Engineering PhysicsEngineering Physics/ Engineering Chemistry
Engineering ChemistryBasic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics Engineering
Systems in Mechanical EngineeringProgramming and Problem Solving / Engineering Mechanics
Basic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics EngineeringEngineering Graphics (Engineering Drawing)
Programming and Problem Solving / Engineering MechanicsProject-Based Learning
WorkshopPhysical Education-Exercise and Field Activities
Semester IIISemester IV
Building Technology and Architectural PlanningGeotechnical Engineering
Mechanics of StructureSurvey
Fluid MechanicsConcrete Technology
Engineering Mathematics IIIStructural Analysis
Engineering GeologyProject Management
Awareness to civil Engineering Practices / Road Safety Management / Foreign LanguageProject-based learning
Semester VSemester VI
Hydrology and Water Resource EngineeringAdvanced Surveying
Infrastructure Engineering and Construction TechniquesProject Management and Engineering Economics
Structural Design-IFoundation Engineering
Structural Analysis-IIStructural Design-II
Fluid Mechanics – IIEnvironmental Engineering-I
Semester VIISemester VIII
Environmental Engineering IIDams and Hydraulic Structures
Transportation EngineeringQuantity Surveying, Contracts, and Tenders
Structural Design and Drawing IIIElective – III
Elective-IElective -IV
Elective – II

Syllabus for B.Tech Civil engineering

Semester 1Semester 2
Functions of Several VariablesSeries and Matrices
Physics IPhysics II
Physics Lab. 1Engg Mechanics
Intro to Civil Engg.Chemistry I
Intro to ProgrammingChemistry Lab.
Engg. DrawingCE Materials and Construction
Ecology and EnvironmentLife Skills II
Life Skills I
Semester 3Semester 4
Math. 3Structural Analysis
Mechanics of MaterialsGeotechnical Engg. 1
Transportation Engg. ITransportation Engg. 2
Hydraulic Engg.Environmental Engg.
SurveyingScience Electives (Maths/Physics/Chemistry)
Humanities Elec. 1
Semester 5Semester 6
Life SciencesBasic Steel Design
Geotechnical Engg. 2Construction Project Management
Water Resources Engg.Humanities Elective 2
Basic RC Design
Hydraulic & Environ. Engg. Lab.
Construction Material Lab
Semester 7Semester 8
Humanities Elective 3Professional Ethics

Civil engineering subjects

The subjects taught in both degrees vary as well as overlap. In a brief let understand the core civil engineering subjects

B. E (Civil engineering subjects)

  • Systems in Mechanical Engineering
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Concrete Technology
  • Infrastructure Engineering and Construction Techniques

B. Tech (Civil engineering subjects)

  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Strength of Materials
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Concrete Technology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Hydraulics Machinery
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Irrigation and Hydraulics
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Structural Analysis

When you see both sets of subjects, even though the degrees are different. The subjects appear common

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Civil engineering fees

Civil engineering fees may vary for different colleges. Kindly check the fee structure before applying. Even though the civil engineering course is the same, the fee varies between B. E and B. Tech.

Civil engineering fees (B.E)

B.E fees are in the range of 1 lakh to 7 lakh in government-run colleges. Though it is 3 lakh to 15 lakh in private colleges. Private colleges provide better infrastructure so the fee variation.

Civil engineering fees (B.Tech)

B.Tech fees are in the range of 2 lakh to 6 lakh in government-run colleges. 

Civil engineering fees (postgraduate and doctoral)

Post-graduate fees in government-run colleges range from 4 lakh to 6 lakh. Yet in a private college, the fees range from 17 lakh to 25 lakh. Even though the doctoral fee structure is the same as that of post-graduate. 

Civil engineering scope

Civil engineering’s scope is immense. Civil engineer’s recruitment happens in many national and international projects. As long as infrastructure needs arise, the scope of civil engineering will not end. Military and defense sectors demand civil engineers for improving tactile terrain. Many opportunities are open for civil engineers in the private and public sectors. When we say that India’s infrastructure, improved because of civil engineers. A degree in Civil engineering brings forth many jobs. On average a civil engineer earns 4 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Civil engineering job profiles

Some of the job profiles are mentioned below along with the expected average salary

JobDescriptionAverage expected salary
Site EngineersA part of the job profile includes taking charge of this that happens on-site. Handling workers, material, safety, and security of workers.3-3.5 LPA
Construction EngineersThey direct large projects because they are the leader of the project. As long as they are on the project, the smooth functioning of the project can take place.3.5-4 LPA
Structural EngineersThey supervise Infrastructural projects. They change the design whenever the need arises. In the event that the old model needs to upgrade. Upgradation is possible because of them.4 LPA
Geotechnical EngineersWhile building dams, or hydro projects in a hilly region. The need is that the structure is stable and geographically viable. A Geotechnical engineer takes up this responsibility.4 LPA
Lecturer/ProfessorImpart the knowledge of design, planning, and execution to the students 4.5 LPA

B. E Vs. B. Tech a quick comparison

While both the courses are 4-years in duration, the subjects taught vary. The eligibility criteria for both courses are the same. The admission process is the same. So, then what separates them?

Even if the parameters are the same, the area of work is different. While both deal with infrastructure, job profiling is different. Let us know the clear demarcation.

ParameterB. E – CivilB. Tech – Civil
Area of focusIt is a theory-based course that deals with structures like dams, roads, bridges, etc. It is an application and skilled-based course. Constructing structures like dams, roads, bridges, etc. 
Job profilesCivil Engineer, Architect, Technical Officer, Manager, Business analyst, Assistant Executive Engineer are few rolesTransportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians are few roles
Placement sectorsCivil Engineering companies, Water resources, Engineering Transportation companies, and  Tunnel Engineering companiesIrrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, and urban development

Civil engineering higher education scope

After the graduation degree, students can pursue higher education. Post-graduate courses could be Master in Engineering (M. E), Master in Business administration (MBA). Both the courses are beneficial, provided that the student would want to pursue studies. Many students opt for an M.S degree abroad. 

Top institutes to study Civil engineering

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
  • Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chandigarh
  • M V J College of Engineering, Bangalore
  • University of Engineering and Management, Kolkata
  • IIT BHU, Varanasi
  • Indus University, Ahmedabad
  • Hindustan College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)

Civil engineering top recruiters

  • TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
  • Maytas Infra Ltd
  • Jones Lang LaSalle
  • Schlumberger
  • Shapoorji Pallonji
  • NBCC
  • IRCON International Limited
  • GMR Group Corporate Office
  • Tata Projects Ltd
  • DLF Limited
  • Essar group

Civil engineering scope abroad

Civil engineers are always in great demand. Whenever there is a need to build, a civil engineer is required. Civil engineers can work abroad. Countries that offer great opportunities are 

  • USA
  • New Zealand
  • United Kingdom
  • Australia
  • Germany
  • Singapore
  • Japan
  • China


Q 1. What are the common entrance tests for securing admissions in civil engineering courses?

Clearing entrance tests are mandatory for securing admissions. The few common entrance tests are JEE (MAINS), JEE (ADVANCED), MH-CET,  BIT-SAT, SRMJEE, WBJEE to name a few.

Q 2. Kindly suggest a few books to study Civil engineering topics

A few must-reads suggested are
– Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering (R.F.Craig, Muni Budhu).
– Environmental Engineering (G.O.I Manual, S.K. Garg).
– Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines (Modi & Seth, R. K. Bansal Cengel and Cimbala, K.Subramanyam, Jagdish Lal). –
– Highway Engineering (Khanna & Justo, Kadiyali)
– Railway Engineering (Saxena & Arora)

Q 3. Is an internship mandatory in civil engineering courses?

Yes,  to complete the civil engineering course, an internship is compulsory. The internship is a 2-4 month-long project. Since an internship gives practical experience, hence mandatory.

Q 4. Kindly share some names of companies that offer internship programs

There are many structural, transportation, environmental, and building companies. To name a few:
Structural companies like railways, public works departments, construction companies offer internships. In the environmental sector, local municipal bodies offer internships. 
Building material companies that offer internships are Johnson tiles, HR tiles, etc. 
Transportation companies like the National Highway Authority of India.  Public Works Department and Airport Authority of India too gives internships

Q 5. To pursue a postgraduate in civil engineering, which entrance tests have to be cleared?

To apply for M. E in India or abroad, clearing the GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test) entrance test is mandatory. To apply for the M.S program abroad, clearing GRE (Graduates recruitment exam) is mandatory. A score above 300 is good. To study MBA in India, clearing entrance tests like CAT, XLRI, NMAT, MAT is mandatory. For studying MBA abroad, clearing the GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) is mandatory.

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