B.A Course, Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Scope & Career Growth

Science, Commerce, and Arts are the three disciplines of study after class 10th. As per the interest areas, students opt for any of these branches. B. A is a degree that students opt for after the 12th standard. B. A stands for Bachelor of Arts. It is an undergraduate program. B. A offers various specialisation. The specialisation depends on the interest of students. The branch is often looked upon after science. Due to the dearth of seats available for science programs. B. A is now looked upon as a new option by students.

An introduction

B. A or Bachelor of Arts, is a three-year degree course. The course offers specialisation in various areas. A student has to complete the core and elective work combined with the other general requirements. The various types of electives offered are History, Psychology, Economics, English, Journalism, Political Science, Geography, and Sociology to name a few. Some new electives have come up in the past few years. Namely Hospitality, Design, and Mass media. A student pursuing B. A (Bachelor of Arts) has to study 5 subjects. Along with these subjects, they also learn a few elective subjects.

The B. A (Bachelor of Arts) can be done in 3 formats. It can be pursued full time for 3 years. Students can opt for part-time learning as well. The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) offers  B. A (Bachelor of Arts). There are various universities that offer distance learning like Tamil Nadu open university and Karnataka open university. The cost of a distance learning course is around 6 thousand to 12 thousand per year. The time and the course syllabus are almost the same as a full-time course.

Eligibility criteria for B. A (Bachelor of Arts)

We shall discuss the criteria for a full-time program. 

  • Students must have cleared the 10 + 2 level exam from recognised school or university
  • The student must have scored 50 percent at the 12th standard exam
  • Some colleges have their entrance tests. These tests have to be cleared. 
  • A 5 percent relaxation in the score is applicable for the students of the reserved category

Entrance tests for the B. A (Bachelor of Arts) program

Some colleges like the Tata Institute of Social Services, or the Delhi University have their own entrance tests. Studying B. A (Bachelor of Arts) in these prestigious institutions is an advantage for the students. To study B. A (Bachelor of Arts) in these or other reputed colleges, entrance tests have to be cleared. Some of the popular entrance tests are as follows:

  • TISSBAT – entrance test for Tata Institute of Social Services (TISS)
  • DUET – for Delhi University
  • BHU UET – for Banaras Hindu University
  • NIMSEE – for NIMS 
  • JNUEE – for Jawaharlal Nehru University

Syllabus for the B. A (Bachelor of Arts) program

As mentioned previously in this article, 5 subjects are common for all electives. For core electives, the subjects differ. Given below is a comprehensive guide on the syllabus along with the popular specialisation.

Common BA Programme Subjects
General knowledgeComprehensive Ability
Indian PolityNumerical and Mental Ability
The Human Body & Common DiseaseHistory & Indian Culture
Population & Climate ChangeEnvironmental Studies
BA English
English LiteratureTwentieth-Century Indian Writing
Concurrent – Qualifying LanguageNineteenth-Century European Realism/ Classical Literature/ Forms of Popular Fiction
Concurrent – Discipline CentredContemporary Literature
Anglo-American Writing from 1930/ Literary Theory/ Women’s Writing of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries/ Modern European Drama(-)
BA Political Science
Language – MIL/ English Environmental ScienceUnderstanding Political Theory
Constitutional Government and Democracy in IndiaGeneric Elective
Environmental Science Language – MIL/ EnglishPolitical Theory-Concepts and Debates
Political Process in IndiaIntroduction to Comparative Government & Politics
Perspectives on Public AdministrationPerspectives on International Relations
Ability Enhancement CoursePol. Process & Inst. in Comparative Perspective
Public Policy and Administration in IndiaGlobal Politics
Generic ElectiveAbility Enhancement Course
Classical Political PhilosophyModern Indian Political Thought
Modern Political PhilosophyIndian Political Thought
BA History
History of IndiaSocial Formations, Cultural Patterns of the Ancient World
Social Formations and Cultural Patterns of the Mediaeval WorldRise of Modern West
History of Modern EuropeHistory Of Southeast Asia: 19th Century
History of Modern East AsiaGeneric Elective (Interdisciplinary Any Four): Environmental Issues In India, Research Methodology in History, Making of Contemporary India, Delhi: Ancient, Delhi: Mediaeval, Delhi: Modern or Issues in the Contemporary WorldChoose any Two: Understanding Heritage/ Art Appreciation: An Introduction to Indian Art/ Archives and museums/ Understanding Popular Culture
BA Psychology
Introduction to PsychologyStatistical Methods for Psychological Research-I
Environmental ScienceGeneral Psychology
BiopsychologyPsychology of Individual Differences
English CommunicationYouth, Gender and Identity
Development of PsychologicalPsychological Research
Social PsychologyEmotional Intelligence
Psychology for Health and Well-beingUnderstanding Psychological Disorders
Statistical Methods for Psychological Research-IIApplied Social Psychology
Stress ManagementPsychology at Work
Dealing with Psychological DisordersDevelopmental Psychology
Positive PsychologyHuman Resource Management
Organisational BehaviourCounselling Psychology
Health PsychologyCommunity Psychology
BA Economics
Introductory MicroeconomicsMathematical Methods for Economics
Ability Enhancement Compulsory CourseGeneric Elective
Introductory MacroeconomicsMathematical Methods for Economics
Ability Enhancement Compulsory CourseIntermediate Microeconomics
Statistical Methods for EconomicsSkill Enhancement Course
Intermediate Microeconomics & MacroeconomicsIntroductory Econometrics
Skill Enhancement Course Indian Economy
Development EconomicsDiscipline-Specific Elective
Indian EconomyDevelopment Economics
BA Archaeology
Methodology and Perspectives of Social ScienceHistory of Art and Architecture in India
Basics of ArchaeologyIntroduction to Sociology
Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern KeralaMethods of Archaeology
History of FolkloreDevelopment of Sociological Theory
Making of Modern Kerala 
BA Sociology
Methodology and Perspectives of Social ScienceHistory of Art and Architecture in India
Basics of ArchaeologyIntroduction to Sociology
Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern KeralaMethods of Archaeology
History of FolkloreDevelopment of Sociological Theory
Making of Modern KeralaInformatics
Basics of Indian NumismaticsIntroduction to Political Science
Understanding the PastEarly Societies in India
Development of Numismatics in IndiaGovernmental Machinery and Processes
Growth of Indian ArchaeologyIntroduction to Archives and Records
Archaeological Sites and Monuments in IndiaArchival Conservation and Reprography
BA Geography
Cartographic TechniquesGeography of Population
Concurrent – Qualifying LanguageAnalytical Physical Geography
OceanographyThematic Cartography (Practical)
Geography of SettlementsConcurrent – Credit Language
Economic GeographyEnvironmental Geography
Remote Sensing (Practical)Urban Geography
Concurrent – InterdisciplinaryGeography of Natural Resources
Spatial Dimensions of DevelopmentStatistical Methods in Geography
Geography of IndiaEvolution of Geographical Thought
Social GeographyRegional Planning: Case Studies
Field TechniquesDisaster Management
Geographical Information SystemOptional: Agricultural Geography, BioGeography, Political Geography, Geography of Tourism, Contemporary Environmental Issues and Rural Development
BA Anthropology
Introduction to Social AnthropologyIntroduction to Biological Anthropology
Archaeological Anthropology-I & IITechnical Writing & Communication in English/ Computational Skills
Anthropology of KinshipBiostatistics and Data Analysis
Theories of Culture and SocietyHuman Genetics
Primate Biology / Cell Biology-IMolecular Biology-I & II
Tribes and Peasants in IndiaAnthropology of religion, politics & economy
Biodiversity & Indigenous Knowledge / Cell Biology IIAnthropology of India
Human Ecology: Biological DimensionsBiological Diversity in Human Populations
Human Ecology: Social and Cultural DimensionsGenetics & Genomics
Field work dissertationFundamental of Human Origins and Evolution
Genomic Diversity in Human PopulationsAnthropology In Practice

Scope of higher studies after B. A (Bachelor of Arts)

A student after the completion of the graduate degree can opt to study further. A B. A (Bachelor of Arts) graduate can pursue an MBA in Human resources. Recruiters find this combination ideal for the HR team. Students can also pursue their post-graduation in law by doing LLB. students with B. A – Psychology and with an LLB degree turn out to be good lawyers. These students understand the client’s psyche better. Students who complete B. A degree in linguistics opts for the B. Ed course to become an excellent teacher. Students can also pursue M. A in their choice of specialisation.

Career opportunities and salary expectations after completing B. A program 

After completing the graduate degree the roles offered are as follows:

  • Content writer – Graduates with B. A in linguistics makes great content writers. This is possible due to their command of the language. A content writer earns a salary of around 3-4 LPA
  • Academic writing and editing – These professionals help in rewriting articles and help in completion of research articles. An academic writer earns a salary of 4 LPA.
  • Political consultant – Graduates of B. A in History or political science can become political consultants as they have a great understanding in politics. Salary of 7-8 LPA can be earned.
  • Authors/writer –  Due to exemplary command over languages, many graduates become writers. They earn a salary of around 5 LPA.
  • Psychologist – Graduates with B. A – Psychology becomes excellent trainer and counselor. This is due to their inherent knowledge in Psychology. Graduates can either work at various institutions like hospitals or schools. Some opt for private practice. Salary expected is 3.4 -4 LPA
  • Foreign language expert – These graduates help to overcome the barriers in spoken and written communication. Salary expected is 4 LPA
  • Archaeologist –  Archaeology is the study of historic and prehistoric eras. Graduates with B.A in Archaeology help in understanding the prehistoric era better. Salary expected is 4 LPA.


Q 1. What is the ideal skill set for doing B. A?

A candidate with excellent communication skills, management skills, problem-solving, and interpersonal skills would make an ideal candidate. It is also imperative that the candidate is inquisitive, goal-oriented, and has the power to work under stressful conditions. Few branches, like political science, Psychology, and Hospitality demand analytical thinking too.

Q 2. How is B. A and B. A (Hons) different? Can the difference be pointed out?

Both the degrees are of 3-year duration. The eligibility criteria too is the same for both degrees. The major difference is B. A offers no specilisation under its program. On the other hand B. A (Hons) gives the graduate one specialisation. So when we hear B. A with political science, it is actually B. A (Hons) – Political science.

Q 3. What is the fee structure for B. A?

The fees range from around 3 thousand to 10 thousand per year. In few private colleges, the fees may be in the range of 60 thousand to 3 Lakhs. Distance learning fees are comparatively low. IGNOU fees are around 3 thousand.

Q 4. What is a B.A – LLB integrated program?

The program is a 5-year integrated course. The course can be pursued directly after the 12th standard. At the end of 5 years, the graduate is a lawyer and can practice. The course is integrated with subjects of both arts and law. This program has become most sought after by Arts faculty students.

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